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The 2020 crop year will be celebrated by the 37,200 farms and ranches that make up Oregon’s diverse farming community. Oregon is home to more than 225 products, ranging from cattle and cherries to hazelnuts and hay. The current COVID-19 pandemic has presented several new challenges and opportunities for agriculture statewide. Growers and growers responded and adapted quickly to meet the needs of the people of Oregon.
Oregon’s greenhouse and nursery industry experienced a COVID-19 windfall with production value exceeding $ 1 billion for the second year in a row. Industry experts say “stay at home” orders have led to increased sales nationwide as more people have taken up gardening and landscaping. Historically, greenhouses and nurseries as well as cattle and calves remain two of the main products in terms of production value.
Cherries and hazelnuts are new to Oregon’s top 10. Cherries saw a 78 percent increase in production value. Strong demand for Oregon cherries has translated into higher prices for growers in 2020. Oregon is currently the third largest producer of cherries in the country, supplying 17% of the US market.
Hazelnuts had a record year with an increase of almost 24 percent in production and an increase of almost 57 percent in the value of production. The area of hazelnut trees has grown from about 30,000 acres to over 80,000 acres in the past ten years. Almost 100 percent of the hazelnuts produced commercially in the United States are grown in the Willamette Valley.
Oregon’s top 10 commodities by value for the 2020 crop year are:
- Greenhouse and nursery, $ 1,188,911,000
- Cattle and calves, $ 587,848,000
- Hay, $ 569,160,000
- Milk, $ 557,348,000
- Grass seed, $ 458,367,000
- Wheat, $ 273,760,000
- Potatoes, $ 216,810,000
- Grapes for wine, $ 157,900,000
- Cherries, $ 133,826,000
- Hazelnuts, $ 132,300,000
A majority of Oregon’s agricultural products in the top twenty saw an increase in the value of production, including eggs (+ 29%), onions (+ 9%), potatoes (9%), sweet corn (+ 8%), Dungeness crab (+ 7%), hops (+ 4%), Christmas trees (+ 2%), apples (+ 1%) and milk (+ 1%) ).
In contrast, grapes for wine experienced a 34% drop, while hay (-16%), blueberries (-11%), grass seeds (-11%), pears (-10%) ), cattle and calves (-6%), and wheat (-3%) also recorded declines in the value of production. To complete the twenty main agricultural and fishery products by production value:
- Blueberries, $ 119,648,000
- Onions, $ 118,665,000
- Christmas trees, $ 106,912,000
- Pears, $ 97,552,000
- Corn, cereals, $ 77,542,000
- Hops, $ 74,812,000
- Eggs, $ 72,999,000
- Dungeness crab, $ 72,643,709
- Sweet corn, $ 41,034,000
- Apples, $ 39,208,000
These recently released statistics come primarily from the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), compiled in collaboration with Dave Losh, Oregon State Statistician. Estimates were also provided by the Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon State University, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, and the Oregon Wine Board. Oregon.
Source: Oregon Department of Agriculture